Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours of university students, faculty and staff during a meningococcal serogroup B outbreak vaccination program

DM MacDougall, JM Langley, L Li, D MacKinnon-Cameron, KA Top, SA McNeil, BA Halperin, A Swain, JA Bettinger and SA Halperin

Vaccine , 2017 Apr 25;35(18):2520-2530


During an outbreak of invasive meningococcal B disease on a university campus, we explored the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of members of the university community in relation to the disease, the vaccine, and the vaccination program.

All students, faculty and staff were invited by email to participate in a 71-item online survey, which was administered after completion of the mass clinics for the first and second doses of a meningococcal B vaccination program.

A total of 404 individuals responded to the survey; 75.7% were students. Knowledge about meningococcal disease and vaccine was generally high; more than 70% correct responses were received on each knowledge question except for one question about the different meningococcal serogroups. Gender (female) and higher knowledge scores were significantly associated with either being immunized or intending to be immunized (p<0.05). Positive attitudes about immunization, concern about meningococccal infection, a sense of community responsibility, and trust in public health advice also correlated with being vaccinated or intending to be vaccinated (p<0.05).

A successful mass vaccination program in a Nova Scotia university was associated with high levels of knowledge, positive attitudes toward vaccination, and positive attitudes toward public health recommendations.

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