The microneutralization assay is superior to the hemagglutination inhibition assay for the estimation of seroprotection against influenza infection in children

CP Verschoor, P Singh, ML Russell, DME Bowdish, A Brewer, L Cyr, BJ Ward and M Loeb

PLoS One , PLoS ONE 2015 Jun 24;10(6):e0131531.

Although the microneutralization (MN) assay has been shown to be more sensitive than the hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assay for the measurement of humoral immunity against influenza viruses, further evidence relating MN titres to protective efficacy against infection is needed. Serum antibodies against seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 influenza were measured in children and adolescents (n = 656) by MN and hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) assays. Compared to HAI, the MN assay is more sensitive in detecting serum antibodies and estimates of protective effectiveness against PCR-confirmed infection were higher for both subtypes. Given our findings, the MN assay warrants further consideration as a formal tool for the routine evaluation of vaccine-induced antibody responses.


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